Radiometric dating is used to determine the age of fossil-bearing sedimentary beds
Originally fossils only provided us with relative ages because, although early paleontologists understood biological succession, they did not know the absolute ages of the different organisms. It was only in the early part of the 20th century, when isotopic dating methods were first applied, that it became possible to discover the absolute ages of the rocks containing fossils. In most cases, we cannot use isotopic techniques to directly date fossils or the sedimentary rocks they are found in, but we can constrain their ages by dating igneous rocks that cut across sedimentary rocks, or volcanic ash layers that lie within sedimentary layers. Isotopic dating of rocks, or the minerals in them, is based on the fact that we know the decay rates of certain unstable isotopes of elements and that these rates have been constant over geological time. One of the isotope pairs widely used in geology is the decay of 40 K to 40 Ar potassium to argon
8.4 Isotopic Dating Methods
Isotopic Dating Methods – Physical Geology
The age of the Earth and its inhabitants has been determined through two complementary lines of evidence: The science of evolution: Chronology The age of the Earth and its inhabitants has been determined through two complementary lines of evidence: Relative dating places fossils in a temporal sequence by noting their positions in layers of rocks, known as strata. As shown in the diagram, fossils found in lower strata were typically deposited first and are deemed to be older this principle is known as superposition. Sometimes this method doesn't work, either because the layers weren't deposited horizontally to begin with, or because they have been overturned. If that's the case, we can use one of three other methods to date fossil-bearing layers relative to one another:
Dating Rocks and Fossils Using Geologic Methods
It is not about the theory behind radiometric dating methods, it is about their application , and it therefore assumes the reader has some familiarity with the technique already refer to "Other Sources" for more information. As an example of how they are used, radiometric dates from geologically simple, fossiliferous Cretaceous rocks in western North America are compared to the geological time scale. To get to that point, there is also a historical discussion and description of non-radiometric dating methods. A common form of criticism is to cite geologically complicated situations where the application of radiometric dating is very challenging.
Beta Decay: By , it was found to be 1. In , science firmly established that the earth was 3.